NTU is the top-ranking university in Taiwan by scientific paper performance. In 2009, Times Higher Education ranked it 95th in the world. It is ranked 2nd in Asia and 26th in the world according to the online rankings site "Webometrics".
NTU was founded in 1928 by the Japanese during the Japanese colonial era and was then known as the Taihoku (Taipei) Imperial University. After World War II and Taiwan's retrocession to Chinese sovereignty, the Republic of China government resumed the administration of Taihoku University and reorganized and renamed it National Taiwan University on November 15, 1945.