Argentina is a Republic in South America. It's Capital is Buenos Aires, and it's second largest city is Córdoba.
Argentina gained its independence from Spain in 1816, thanks to General Jose de San Martin. Until the 1920's, Argentina was a very rich nation with a giant immigrant population consisting of Italians, Jews, Syrians, Lebanese, Germans, Croats, Spaniards, Swedes, Danes, and countless other people. Unfortunately in the 1930's, the economy soured and the nation eventually became a dictatorship. In the 1940's, Dictator Juan Peron was a good friend of Adolf Hitler, and Mussolini. Even though they didn't ally with the Axis, they tended to side with it. After the fall of the Axis, Argentina was under a peronist (simular fascist) dictatorship. In the 1970's, the Argentine government led the dirty war. Under which, tens of thousands of people who possessed marxist ideas, or anti fascist literature were kidnapped and tortured to death. Some, like my uncle, survived, but about 30,000 people died under this. Often undernoted, about 40% of the victims were Jews,. After a war with Britain over the Falkland Islands (which both sides still claim), Argentina's dictatorship was seen as weak, and eventually crumbled in the 1980's. The 1st elected president, Raul Alfonsin lead argentina into a better direction. Raul Alfonsin recently died of lung cancer (1927-2009). Soon after his reign though, Argentina has gone through a reccession, leading to hyper inflation. However this ended in the early 2000's and since then, the economy has been on an uphill trend.
Argentina has a very advanced economy compared to most of its neighbors, and its main exports to the world are oranges, beef, soy, animal meal, technology, and automobiles. Even though Argentina's economy is currently better off, in the early 2000's, and the 1990's, the economy was in ruins due largely to IBM, and great bouts of corruption.
Argentina has a very high literacy rate compared to the majority of the world at about 97%. This can be an explanation why the economy and HDI are better than most other nations in the area.
Surprisingly, unlike most other Spanish Speaking nations in the region, Argentina's population is mostly European. Especially of Spanish and Italian ancestry, even though German, Jewish, Croatian and Syriac ancestry is common as well.
The Population is mostly Catholic, even though there are also relatively large Protestant, Jewish, and Muslim populations throughout the nation as well.
Argentina is currently a member of Mercosur.
Argentina is a model for other South American nations to follow, with it's democracy, healthy economy, and many other reasons. + The women are pretty hot ;).
Cordoba is the second largest city in Argentina.
Yerba Mate is a tea-like drink that is popular in Argentina.
Goucho's are from Argentina