Serbia is located in the Balkans (South East Europe). It borders with Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Romania. Serbia has access to the Adriatic through Montenegro, and the Danube River provides shipping access to inland Europe and the Black Sea.
Serbia's terrain ranges of fertile plains in the northern Vojvodina region, limestone ranges and basins in the east, and, in the southeast, ancient mountains and hills. The north is dominated by the Danube River. Morava River, flows through the more mountainous southern regions.
The Serbian climate varies between a continental climate in the north, with cold winters and hot humid summers, and a more Adriatic climate in the south with hot dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall inland. Serbia has lots of culture, not just in Serbia but in other parts of former Yugoslavia and other places around the world. Alot of Serbian culture comes mostly from thier arts and music. The Byzantine Empire had a strong influence in the Middle Ages on the Serb Orthodox Church. Serbian culture fell into decline during five centuries as it was apart of the Ottoman Empire. Serbia got its independence in 1878 from the Ottoman empire and there was an increase of Serbian culture in the nineteenth century.
Area: 88,000 sq. km. (now 102,000 sq. km including Montenegro)
Capital City: Belgrade
Population of Serbia:
Vojvodina: 2.2 million
Central Serbia: 5.5 million
Kosovo and Metohija: 2.1 million
Total Population: 9.8 million
Main cities and its Population:
Belgrade (Capital city): 1.6 million
Novi Sad: 300,000
Belgrade has been the capital of Serbia since 1404 and lies on the flowing Sava river to the Danube river in northern central Serbia and has a population of 1.65 million. Belgrade is said to be one of the oldest European if not world cities. Belgrade was first settled by Celtic tribes 2300 years ago before it became a Roman settlement of Singidunum and then being passed down to the Byzantine Empire. Singidunum (Belgrade) was occupied by the Huns, Sarmatians, Ostrogoths and Avars after the Roman empire fell, until the Serbs settled it around 630AD. In 878 the city was renamed Beligrad under the rule of the Bulgarian kingdom. The first Serbian king to rule Belgrade was Dragutin, who received it as a present from the Hungarian king. Belgrade was occupied by the Kingdom of Hungary, until 1521 when it was captured by the Ottoman Turks, Belgrade remained under Ottoman rule for 300 years. When the Ottoman Turks left in 1867 and Serbia got its full independence in 1878, Belgrade became again the capital of Serbia. After World War One Belgrade then became the capital of Yugoslavia for over 50 years until the break up of Yugoslavia in 1991.
Belgrade today is the capital of Serbia and Montenegro.