a. In the earlist 20th century, this southern music borrowed harmonic and structural devices and vocal techniques form work songs and spirituals.
b. This music only needs a single voice accompanied by one or more instruments.
I hate to see the evening sun go down.
I hate to see that evening sun go down.
'Cause my baby, he done left this town.
a. Slave narrators reported mock-prayers, mock-sermons, and other parodies of the forms celebrated in church.
b. Aside from religion and its purposes, such secular parodies of sacred texts contained their own stinging elements of truth.
c. All materials of play that is sometimes fun and frivolous, sometimes instructive, sometimes frighteningly reflective of violence of American society.
We raise de wheat,
Dey gib us de corn:
We bake de bread,
These songs were sung while slaves were at work. These songs told stories and helped them get through thier hard days of work.
Tell what the hobo told the bum,
If you get any corn-bread save me some.
A nickle's worth of bacon, and a dime's worth of lard,
I would buy more but the time's too hard.
It is a complex oratorical form form with significant differences from religion to religion, denomination to denomination, region to region, and era to era.
Wid one hand He snatched
The sun from its socket,
And the other He clapped across the moon.
(by E.C.L. Adams 1876-1946 and published in 1928.)
A wide variety of African American verbal games involving ritual insult, competition, innuendo, parody, and other forms of loaded expression.
The Monkey and the Lion
Got to talking one day.
Monkey looked down and said, Lion,
I hear you's king in every way.